The Roman Empire was one of the greatest ancient civilizations the world has ever seen. During its peak, the empire has grown really big that it encompasses what is now England up to Africa. The size of the empire is a very big achievement for the Romans but it also spelled their downfall. It was hard to uphold power in all of the land. Despite this, the Roman Empire is still one of the greatest and has contributed a lot to the world today, from the architectural styles up to the Roman alphabet. List below are some interesting facts about the Romans.
10. Church and State
The Roman Empire had many religions and had many gods. There is however an official religion and church chosen by the state. It all started when Theodosius I made an edict that established Nicene Christianity as the only authorized religion. Nicene Christianity then became the official state church of the Roman Empire. This ushered the growth of Christianity throughout the world.
There are different types of dwellings that existed during the time. Their dwellings look similar to what we have today and there are big differences between the houses of the rich and the poor. The most basic types of dwellings at the time are the domus, the insula, and the villa. The domus was where the rich people lived. The insula is the home for the poorer people. The villa is usually located outside the city and is a very luxurious home for the rich.
For the ancient Roman Empire, the underwear that they use come in the form of a loincloth wrapped around their body. The loincloth is the most common underwear during that time and it is worn by both men and women. Some women also cover their upper body with a band of cloth. For the other people of lower rank such as slaves and gladiators, they are usually semi-naked or fully nude.
Education in the Roman Empire started informally during the Early Republic. It later turned into a formal tuition-based program during the later years. This system was patterned from the Greek system of education. Because of this, the rich families could easily send their children to what we now call a school or taught by a private tutor. Some children from poorer families still learned how to read and write. Bothe the boys and girls are educated but they are usually taught separately.
6. Historic Irony
The Romans are part of what could be the greatest historical irony of all time. During the rise of Christianity, Roman leaders were threatened by what Christians call as the King of Kings. This led to the persecution of many Christians as well as St. Peter, the first Pope, who was crucified upside down. The religious group however survived and reformed the empire. After fighting this new religion, the Romans have become its number one supporter and defender.
5. Average Diet
Roman diet has changed throughout the course of the empire’s growth. They also have different meals throughout the day starting with a breakfast served at dawn. Lunch was served in the late morning. Dinner, called cena, is the main meal of the day. Commonly found in meals are loaves of bread, cheese, eggs, milk, and some meat.
4. Guard Dogs
The Romans had many pets but it is the dog that is most popular. They are usually used to guard their houses. These guard dogs are chained and there are mosaics found in houses at that time. Dogs are highly valued as companions and as guardians of their homes.
The Romans take their hygiene very seriously and so it was essential that they create a sewage system. Water with poor quality was used for baths and for latrines. They have created a sewer as complex as modern ones and so effective it still is being used up to this day. Their drainage system leads to the sewage and eventually into the River Tiber.
2. Pecunia non Olet
With the development of the sewage system, public urinals were built. Romans of the lower class use these urinals to urinate on pots and paid urine tax. It is through this that the term Pecunia non Olet is used or to explain that money does not stink no matter where it is from. This is in response to the objection of the disgusting nature of obtaining the money.
1. Catullus XVI
Gaius Valerius Catullus XVI was a Roman poet who wrote what people are calling a very filthy piece of work. It was so filthy that it hasn’t been translated into English until recently. In the poem collection Carmen 16, he addresses two men and insults them and even threatened to rape them. He used words which could be translated as penetration through the anus and fellatio.